IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service. It is one of the three All India Services. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts Civil Services Exam (CSE), to recruit IAS officers.
So, The IAS exam is given by lakhs of candidates. It is a desired career option of many due to the power, social recognition, job security and monetary benefits associated with the position.
So, let us go through the exam pattern for the IAS Exam.
IAS exam is conducted in 3 legs.
- Preliminary exam: It has objective type questions. The preliminary exam is not counted for final results. It is used to qualify a candidate for the main exam. There are two papers covered in Prelims. Questions covered are to test general knowledge and aptitude.
- Main exam: It is a written examination to test academic knowledge. It consists of 9 papers in total.
- Interview: Candidates who have cleared the Main exam would be called for a face-to-face interview with the UPSC board.
So, on the Basis of the performance/ranking in Main exam and Interview, the candidate will be recruited.
Role of IAS officers
The duties of an IAS officer change at different points of his/her career. The role of an IAS officer, as a civil servant, is considered to be very important and powerful, whatever designation they hold.
However, this is because IAS officers are primarily responsible for below:
- Maintenance of law and order.
- Collection of revenue and function as Courts in revenue matters.
- Act as a bridge between the Government and the people.
- Decision-making and execution of administrative matters. This is diverse and includes:
- Interfaces with the general public. Providing the public with solutions for their problems.
- Developing a framework to modify law, rules, and regulations after proper approval.
- Effecting developmental policies and schemes of the Government.
- Represent Government in International forums, in case the officer is a senior.
Eligibility Criteria is as follows:
Candidates, who hold a graduate degree, at the time of filing application for the exam, are eligible to apply for the IAS exam. Candidates in the final year of graduation are also eligible to apply.
Age limit for participating in the IAS exam is as below:
- Minimum age limit: 21 years at the time of filing of the application.
- Maximum age limit
- General category: 32 years
- OBC: 35 years
- SC/ST: 37 years
- Resident of Jammu & Kashmir: 37 years
- Also, Defense Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof: 35 years
- Similarly, Ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service: 37 years
- Also, Blind, deaf-mute and Orthopedically handicapped persons (general category): 42 years
- Number of attempts
- General Category: 6 attempts till 32 years of age.
- OBC: 9 attempts till 35 years of age.
- SC/ST: No limit on attempts till 37 years of age.
- Physically Handicapped /disabled candidates belonging to General category: 9 attempts till 42 years of age.
Tough however endurable
Of course, it is very true that along with authority comes responsibility. So, IAS exam is as tough as the power and perks it offers. So, it is not impossible, however, to meet the challenge. Hence, with proper guidance and coaching, it should be possible to encounter the exam in a smooth manner to be successful.
Written and compiled by Vidya Sudharshan
Author: Akshay Palande
Akshay Palande is a passionate teacher helping hundreds of students in their UPSC preparation. With a degree in Mechanical Engineering and double masters in Public Administration and Economics, he has experience of teaching UPSC aspirants for 5 years. His subject of expertise are Geography, Polity, Economics and Environment and Ecology.